Motown, The Miracles   Leave a comment

Motown, The Miracles

The Miracles (known from 1965 to 1972 as Smokey Robinson & the Miracles) are an American rhythm and blues group from Detroit, Michigan, notable as the first successful group act for Berry Gordy’s Motown Record Corporation . Their single “Shop Around” was Motown’s first million-selling hit record, and the group went on to become one of Motown’s signature acts of the 1960s. During the same period, the Miracles’ original lead singer and founding member Smokey Robinson became one of the most successful songwriters and record producers of all time.

During their nineteen-year run on the American music charts, The Miracles charted over fifty hits and recorded in the genres of doo-wop, soul, disco, and R&B. Twenty-six Miracles songs reached the Top Ten of the Billboard R&B singles chart, including four R&B number ones. Sixteen of the Miracles’ songs charted within the Top 20 of the Billboard Hot 100, with seven songs charting within the Top Ten and two – 1970’s “The Tears of a Clown” and 1975’s “Love Machine” (Part 1) – reaching number-one.

Referred to by critics as Motown’s “soul supergroup”,[1][2] The Miracles are multiple Grammy Hall of Fame inductees, Vocal Group Hall of Fame and Doo-Wop Hall of Fame inductees,Winners of The Rhythm and Blues Foundation’s Pioneer Award,multiple BMI Songwriter’s Award winners ,Winners of the ASCAP Award Of Merit , and have a star on the Hollywood Walk of Fame.

In 2004,and again in 2011, Rolling Stone magazine ranked Smokey Robinson & the Miracles[3] #32 on their list of “The Immortals: The 100 Greatest Artists of All Time.”[4] [3] They are also ranked in the Top 100 Artists Of All Time on Billboard Magazine’s and Vh-1’s 1998 lists.

After not being recognized for 26 years, The Miracles will finally be inducted into the Rock and Roll Hall of Fame in 2012.[4]

Motown founder and First President Berry Gordy Jr. said:”Without The Miracles, Motown would not be the Motown it is today”.

Early yearsThe Miracles began with two young Detroit students, William Robinson and Ronald White, who had become friends and started singing together while in the fifth grade. Robinson, nicknamed “Smokey” by an uncle so “you won’t ever forget you’re black”, started a doo-wop group called The Five Chimes in 1955 at Northern High School with himself, White, bass singer Pete Moore (another childhood friend who Smokey knew since he was age 11), Clarence Dawson, and James Grice. Within a half a year, Dawson and Grice had been replaced by cousins Emerson and Bobby Rogers, and the group’s name had been changed to The Matadors. Rogers and Robinson were actually born on the same day – February 19, 1940 – in the same Detroit hospital, although they did not meet until they were fifteen years old.[5]

Emerson Rogers was drafted in 1956. He was replaced by his sister Claudette Rogers. In 1958, the group added guitarist Marv Tarplin, who had originally been the accompanist for The Primettes (later The Supremes).

In 1958, the Matadors auditioned for the manager of Detroit soul star Jackie Wilson, who turned the group down because he felt their sound and four-man-one-woman lineup were too similar to The Platters, a popular vocal group. On their way out the door, the group ran into one of Wilson’s chief songwriters, Berry Gordy, Jr.[5] Gordy took a liking to the group, and eventually became the group’s manager. In addition, Gordy worked closely with Robinson, the Matadors’ chief songwriter, helping him to improve his songcraft.

Gordy and his colleague Billy Davis had written a song called “Got a Job”[5] as an answer song to “Get a Job”, a recent hit by The Silhouettes. The Matadors recorded the single, and Gordy arranged a record deal for them with End Records. At this time, they changed their name to ‘The Miracles’, as ‘Matadors’ had a masculine sound to it, and the group now included a woman. Gordy became the group’s main outside collaborator, and he and Robinson wrote another Miracles single, “Bad Girl”. Issued on Chess Records, “Bad Girl” became the group’s first national charting single on the Billboard Hot 100, peaking at #93. Other early songs that brought regional & R&B chart attention to the group included “Way Over There” (which eventually charted nationally at #94 Pop), “I Need A Change”, “I Cry” (1958), “Whatever Makes You Happy” (1963), “I Need Some Money”(1959), ‘”I Love Your Baby” (1959),”All I Want Is You” (1959), “Would I Love You”, “Mama Done Told Me”, “Happy Landing” (1962), and “(You Can) Depend on Me” (1959).

Frustrated by low financial returns due to the group’s practice of selling their masters to various labels, Robinson suggested Gordy start his own record label. Thus, in 1959, Gordy founded Tamla Records (later Motown),[5] and signed The Miracles as one of his first acts. By 1961, Robinson would be appointed vice-president of the corporation.

The Miracles in the early 1960s. Clockwise from top left: Bobby Rogers, Marv Tarplin, Ronald White, Claudette Rogers, and Smokey Robinson. At the time of this photograph, Miracles member Pete Moore (not pictured) was serving in the US Army after being drafted.[edit] Success at Motown: 1960–1967After three unsuccessful singles, The Miracles’ fourth Tamla single, “Shop Around” backed with “Who’s Lovin’ You” (1960), became their first Motown hit. “Shop Around” was the first Motown song to reach #1 on the national R&B charts, and the first to sell over a million copies.[5] Both sides of this record became standards for R&B and rock musicians for several decades afterwards. In the wake of this success, the Miracles became the first-ever Motown act to perform on Dick Clark’s American Bandstand on December 27, 1960. “Shop Around” was followed by many more hits, including “You Really Got a Hold on Me” (Top 10) (1962), “What’s So Good About Goodbye” (1962), “I’ll Try Something New (1962)” “Mickey’s Monkey” (Top 10) (1963), “I Gotta Dance to Keep From Crying” (1963), “I Like It Like That” (1964), “That’s What Love Is Made Of” (1964), “Come On Do The Jerk” (1964), “Going to a Go-Go” (1965), “My Girl Has Gone” (1965), the multiple award-winning “The Tracks Of My Tears” (1965), and their signature song, “Ooh Baby Baby” (all Top 20, 1965). The Miracles had become a national sensation.[6]

During this period, The Miracles were the most popular group on the label. The Miracles’ success paved the way for all future Motown stars, and, as a result, the group was the headlining act of the Motor Town Revue, a nationwide package concert touring show which showcased Motown artists. Their exciting live performances earned them the nickname, “The Showstoppers”.Commenting to Rolling Stone Magazine, Bob Seger said, “I used to go to the Motown revues, and the Miracles always closed the show. They were that good, and everybody knew it.”[6] The group also influenced a significant number of outside performers as well, particularly The Beatles, who covered The Miracles’ “You Really Got a Hold on Me” on their second album, With the Beatles. John Lennon of the Beatles acknowledged Smokey Robinson as one of his favorite writers, and named the Miracles’ “I’ve Been Good To You” as one of his favorite songs. Another Beatles song, Ask Me Why, also written by Lennon, was influenced by The Miracles’ hit “What’s So Good About Goodbye”. George Harrison also greatly admired Robinson and paid tribute to him in his 1976 song ‘Pure Smokey’, while The Rolling Stones covered the group’s 1965 hit “Going to a Go-Go”. The Hollies covered the group’s 1963 smash “Mickey’s Monkey”. The Zombies also covered “You’ve Really Got a Hold On Me” and “Going To A Go-Go” [7], while The Who covered The Miracles’ hit, “I Gotta Dance to Keep From Crying”. While the British Invasion meant the end of many American artists’ recording careers, it had very little effect on The Miracles, who continued having hits throughout this period. In fact, The Miracles were a major influence on many British Invasion groups in particular.In addition, artists of many diverse musical genres have covered their songs, including Jazz, Country & Western, MOR, Reggae, Hip-Hop, Rock, and Pop, as well as R&B/Soul. (See “Cover Versions” section).

Behind the scenes, Robinson (often assisted by the other Miracles), handled most of the songwriting and production for not only the Miracles, but for most of the acts on Motown during this early period. During the first half of the 1960s, Robinson tutored labelmates The Supremes and The Temptations. Indeed, by the time each group had its breakthrough hit in 1964, the Miracles had already issued a double-LP greatest hits album, Greatest Hits from the Beginning.

In addition to penning their own material, Miracles Robinson, White, Rogers, Tarplin, and Moore wrote for many of their labelmates as well. Motown hits written, but not recorded, by members of the Miracles include songs for the Temptations (“The Way You Do The Things You Do”, “My Girl”, “Don’t Look Back”, “I’ll Be in Trouble”, “You’ve Got to Earn It”, “Since I Lost My Baby”, “It’s Growing”, “My Baby”, “Get Ready”), Mary Wells (“My Guy”, “The One Who Really Loves You”, “What Love Has Joined Together”, “You Beat Me to the Punch”, “Two Lovers”), Marvin Gaye (“I’ll Be Doggone”, “One More Heartache”, “Ain’t That Peculiar”, “Take This Heart of Mine”), The Marvelettes (“Don’t Mess With Bill”, “The Hunter Gets Captured by the Game”), The Contours (“First I Look at the Purse”, “That Day When She Needed Me”), The Four Tops “(Still Water (Love)” , and Brenda Holloway (“When I’m Gone”, “Operator”).

Despite their success, the Miracles were beset with a number of personal problems during the early and mid-1960s. During the first Motor Town Revue tour, Smokey Robinson caught the Asian Flu, requiring Claudette Rogers to take over his role as lead singer until he recovered. In addition, Pete Moore was drafted into the US Army, and remained away from the group for over a year. In early 1964, Claudette decided to retire from the road and remain at home in Detroit. From this point on, Claudette did not tour with the Miracles or appear in any official group photographs or on television, although she continued to sing backup with the group in the studio until 1972.

The name change: Smokey Robinson & the Miracles: 1965–1971
The first album to feature the group’s name change from “The Miracles” to “Smokey Robinson & The Miracles” was 1965’s Top 10 album Going To A Go-Go.Clockwise from top left: Pete Moore, Bobby Rogers, Ron White, Smokey Robinson.(not shown: Claudette Rogers, Marv Tarplin)After Claudette Roger’s departure, the remaining Miracles appeared in The T.A.M.I. Show, a 1964 concert film recorded live at the Santa Monica Civic Auditorium, and distributed nationally by American International Pictures, which also featured The Supremes, Marvin Gaye, The Beach Boys, Lesley Gore, Chuck Berry, The Rolling Stones, Gerry & the Pacemakers and James Brown & The Famous Flames. The Miracles also appeared on many of the popular variety television programs of the period, including The Ed Sullivan Show, Shindig!, Hullabaloo, American Bandstand, Where The Action Is, The Mike Douglas Show, The Andy Williams Show,Teen Town ,Hollywood A Go-Go, Upbeat, and Britain’s Ready Steady Go!. Acknowledging Robinson’s presence upfront, Motown Records’ President and founder Berry Gordy changed the Miracles’ name to “Smokey Robinson & the Miracles” in 1965, although they were billed as simply “The Miracles” on their 45s until “The Love I Saw in You Was Just a Mirage”, a Top 20 pop hit, in 1967. On that song’s flip side was “Come Spy with Me”; The Miracles sang the original theme to the 1967 20th Century Fox film of the same name.In addition, 4 of the group’s songs,That’s The Way I Feel , Mickey’s Monkey , You’ve Really Got A Hold On Me , and I’ll Try Something New were used in the soundtrack of the 1964 Ivan Dixon film, “Nothing But a Man ” . Very popular in The United Kingdom, in 1968, The Miracles went to England, where they gave a Royal Command Performance for Queen Elizabeth.[7]

After scoring a few more major hits such as “(Come ‘Round Here) I’m The One You Need” (1966), the Top 10 “I Second That Emotion” (1967), and “More Love” (1967), the Miracles, along with several other classic Motown acts, experienced a slight chart decline during the late 60s. The group still continued to chart hits, however, including “If You Can Want” (1968), “Yester Love” (1968), “Special Occasion” (1968), “Here I Go Again” (1969),”Point It Out” (1969), and the Top 10 “Baby, Baby Don’t Cry” (1969). Constantly away from home and his family, Smokey Robinson began planning to leave the group for a solo career, which would allow him more time to remain at home and concentrate on his role as Vice-President of Motown Records. Robinson told White, Moore, and Rogers of his intentions in 1969, but Robinson decided to stay for two more years when the group’s 1970 single “The Tears of a Clown” became their biggest hit to date.

“The Tears of a Clown” had, in fact, been recorded in 1967 for the album Make It Happen, and became the group’s first US number-one hit (and their only number-one hit with Smokey Robinson).The song also reached #1 on the charts in England. Also in 1970, the group was given its own ABC television special, The Smokey Robinson Show, which starred The Miracles, and guest-starred The Temptations, The Supremes, and Stevie Wonder[8], who was discovered by Miracle Ronnie While.

Exit Smokey Robinson, enter Billy GriffinAfter one more Top 20 hit in late 1971, “I Don’t Blame You At All”, Robinson announced that he would indeed leave the Miracles, and the group began a six-month farewell tour of the United States. Coinciding with this tour was the release of the group’s final studio album with Robinson, Flying High Together (1972). The lead single, “We’ve Come Too Far to End It Now”, became a Top 10 R&B hit.

Robinson’s final performance as a Miracle was at the Carter Barron Amphitheater in Washington, D.C. on July 16, 1972. For this performance, Claudette Rogers rejoined the group onstage for the first time in eight years. At the conclusion of the concert, which Motown later released as a live album entitled “Smokey Robinson & The Miracles: 1957-1972”, Robinson introduced the group’s new lead singer, Billy Griffin. Griffin was introduced to national television audiences on NBC’s The Midnight Special, on an episode guest-starring The Miracles and hosted by Smokey Robinson, broadcast on July 13, 1973.

Griffin’s arrival meant the departure not only of Smokey Robinson, but Claudette Robinson and Marv Tarplin as well. Claudette retired from recording, choosing to be a stay-at-home wife and mom to her and Smokey’s two children, Berry and Tamla. In 1973, Tarplin also left the group ,and began touring and working with Robinson, and was replaced in The Miracles by Billy Griffin’s brother Donald. The group’s first post-Robinson album, featuring Griffin on lead, was 1973’s critically acclaimed album, Renaissance. The Miracles scored nine charting singles, including two Top 20 hits: 1974’s #13 million-selling hit “Do It Baby”[8] and 1976’s #1 hit “Love Machine (Part 1)”, the group’s biggest success, taken from their platinum-selling City of Angels album.[9] The Miracles also scored a Top 10 R&B hit with “Don’t Cha Love It”. However, the group’s following releases did not match the success of “Love Machine”. In 1977, they left Motown for Columbia Records, where they released the controversial single “Spy For Brotherhood”, from their 1977 Love Crazy album, which was actually pulled from the airwaves due to protests from the FBI.[10][11] Their subsequent Columbia releases did not have the impact of their Motown hits.

Later years, The RRHOF controversy, awards and accoladesIn 1978, Billy Griffin and Pete Moore retired from performing to concentrate on songwriting. Griffin later went on to enjoy a briefly successful solo career in the 1980s, scoring a hit with “Hold Me Tighter in the Rain” in 1982. Ronnie White and Bobby Rogers recruited new members Dave Finley and Carl Cotton.[12] After reuniting with Smokey Robinson on the Motown 25 television special in 1983, (minus Ronnie White), the Miracles essentially disbanded and ceased to perform. Sadly,twenty years later, Cotton was murdered after an altercation in Detroit on September 14, 2003.

Motown held a 35th anniversary retrospective for the Miracles in 1993, and Ronnie White and Bobby Rogers decided to reunite the group. The two of them and Dave Finley recruited Sidney Justin (formerly of Shalamar) as the new fourth member, and began making personal appearances and touring. White, the last founding member remaining in the group, died of leukemia in 1995, and the other three members carried on as a trio.

In 1987, Smokey Robinson was inducted into the Rock and Roll Hall of Fame as a solo artist. In a move that has since sparked much controversy, the other original Miracles – Bobby Rogers, Ronnie White, Pete Moore,Marv Tarplin, and Claudette Rogers-Robinson – were not inducted. Nor was ’70s Miracles lead singer Billy Griffin.[13] This has miffed Robinson, Motown alumnus, music industry insiders,Disc Jockeys, and Miracles fans, who felt that the entire group deserved induction.[14][15] Particularly so, since Rolling Stone Magazine had already listed The Miracles among its Immortals—The 50 Greatest Artists Of All Time and because the group has three songs on The Rock and Roll Hall Of Fame’s own list of The 500 Songs That Helped Shape Rock and Roll, and also due to their historical importance as Motown’s first group. The Miracles as a group were honored with the national Rhythm and Blues Foundation’s Pioneer Award in 1997, and inducted into the Vocal Group Hall of Fame in 2001.

New York City’s newspaper, The Village Voice, in its issue of October 30, 2009, in reporting on the Rock and Roll Hall Of Fame’s 25th Anniversary Concert, stated in an interview with Smokey, that he expressed “regret” that the rest of The Miracles weren’t inducted into the Hall Of Fame with him.[16] In December, 2010, Goldmine, the famous oldies music magazine, in its continuing series on “Artists Who Should be in The Rock and Roll Hall of Fame, But Are Not”, focused on The Miracles, Marvelettes, and Mary Wells. About The Miracles, author Phill Marder stated :”If the Supremes got in with Diana Ross and the Vandellas made it in with Martha Reeves and the three other Tops made it in with Levi Stubbs, how could the Miracles, who were much more important, not get in with Smokey?”[17] Little Anthony and The Imperials, on their 2009 induction into the RRHOF, mentioned The Miracles as well.

A video retrospective of the Miracles’ work, Smokey Robinson & The Miracles: The Definitive Performances, was released on DVD by Motown Records and Universal Home Video in late 2006. It featured new interview footage with original Miracles Smokey Robinson, Pete Moore, and Bobby Rogers. This DVD has been awarded Certified Gold status By The RIAA.[18] In early 2007, “The Tracks of My Tears” became the fourth Miracles song to be inducted into the Grammy Hall of Fame. The other inducted songs are “Shop Around” (inducted 2006), “The Tears of a Clown” (inducted 2002), and “You’ve Really Got a Hold on Me” (inducted 1998). Three Miracles songs, “The Tracks of My Tears”, “Ooo Baby Baby”, and “Shop Around” are in Rolling Stone magazine’s list of “The 500 Greatest Songs of All Time”, and their 1965 Going To a Go-Go album is on Rolling Stone’s list of “The 500 Greatest Albums of All Time”. With their song “The Tears of a Clown”, The Miracles are also noted as the first-ever Motown group to have a #1 record in England. Their million-selling song “The Tracks of My Tears” was honored by the Record Industry Association of America (RIAA) as #127 on their list of the Songs of the Century-the 365 Greatest Songs of the 20th Century, and on May 14, 2008, the song was preserved by the United States Library of Congress as an “culturally, historically and aesthetically significance” to the National Recording Registry. It was also chosen as one of the Top 10 Best Songs of All Time by a panel of 20 top industry songwriters and producers including Hal David, Paul McCartney, Brian Wilson, Jerry Leiber, and others as reported to Britain’s Mojo music magazine,[19][20] and was also winner of “The Award Of Merit” from The American Society of Composers, Authors, and Publishers (ASCAP) for the song’s writers, Miracles members Pete Moore, Marv Tarplin and Smokey Robinson.[21]

Also, every member of The Miracles (except Claudette), has been a winner of the prestigious BMI award for Songwriting.[22] Famed bandleader/arranger/producer Quincy Jones referred to The Miracles as “The Beethovens of The 20th Century”, due to their prolific songwriting talents, and huge body of composed hit records. (reference: The Miracles:The Definitive Performances (1963–1987)).In 1998, Cable TV network VH-1 chose The Miracles as #61 in their list of the 100 Greatest Artists of All Time, and in 2008, Billboard magazine, on the 50th anniversary of its Hot 100 chart, recently ranked them as #71 in its list of the Top 100 Artists of All Time. In addition, “Going to a Go-Go”, “The Tracks of My Tears”, and “You’ve Really Got a Hold on Me” are on The Rock and Roll Hall of Fame’s list of “The 500 Songs That Helped Shape Rock and Roll”, and Rolling Stone Magazine ranked the Miracles as #32 in their list of “The Immortals: The 100 Greatest Artists of All Time”.

Tee Turner, who had been serving as the group’s bassist, was made a fourth vocalist in 2001.[23] Today, the Miracles are composed of classic-era member Bobby Rogers, along with Dave Finley, Tee Turner, and lead singer Mark Scott. Claudette Rogers performs with the group upon special request. The group continues to tour and perform throughout the United States, Canada and Europe, in 2001. The Miracles were inducted into the Vocal Group Hall of Fame. And, although not technically a Doo-Wop group, (though they did start out in that era and genre), The Miracles have also been inducted into the Doo-Wop Hall of Fame.[24] Also, on July 12,2011, The editors of Goldmine Magazine selected The Miracles as one of “The 20 Greatest Doo-Wop Groups of All Time”.[9]

The original Miracles todayToday, original member Pete Moore is owner and CEO of his own Las Vegas-based entertainment firm, WBMM Enterprises.[25] He and his wife Tina are parents to twin daughters, Monette and Monique. Bobby Rogers, tours nationally and internationally with the current Miracles group. Divorced from his first wife, Marvelettes member Wanda Young and now re-married for many years to current wife Joan, he has 4 grown children, Bobbae, Gina, Robert III & Kimberly. Ronnie White became an affluent real estate developer*. He died on August 26, 1995 at the age of 57, and is survived by his wife, Gloria, a son, Ron II, and a daughter, Pamela. His first wife, Earlyn, and eldest daughter Michelle, preceded him in death. Claudette Rogers is the First Lady of Motown, an active board member of the National Rhythm and Blues Foundation, HAL (Heroes & Legends) Awards, and she continues to perform at selected concerts with the Miracles. She is also writing her memoirs for publishing. She and Smokey are now divorced and have two grown children, Berry and Tamla. Marv Tarplin and his former wife, Sylvia, have a daughter, Talese. The couple divorced, and Sylvia died in 2004. Marv also had two other daughters, Lisa, and Eboney, from another relationship. Tarplin retired from touring in 2008. The second original member of the group to pass away, Marv died on September 30, 2011 at the age of 70. Smokey Robinson owns a food corporation, Smokey Robinson Foods[26] and continues to tour and record as a solo artist. His current wife is Frances Robinson, and he has another son, Trey Robinson.

The original Miracles, Bobby Rogers, Pete Moore, Claudette Rogers and Smokey Robinson, re-united in Detroit in 2007 to celebrate the group’s 50th anniversary,[27] and performed in a tribute to Motown founder Berry Gordy.

In 2006, Woodbridge Estates, an exclusive residential development in The City of Detroit, named their community park “Miracles Park” and one of its streets “Miracles Boulevard”, in recognition of the legendary Motown group’s importance to the city, and as a tribute to their many accomplishments in the music industry. To date, The Miracles have sold over 40,000,000 records worldwide,[25] and have won numerous Gold and Platinum Records,[21] and other music industry awards. In 2006, the original Miracles were inducted into the Michigan Rock and Roll Legends Hall of Fame. In 2008, the group’s recording of “The Tracks Of My Tears” was voted a Legendary Michigan Song.

Hollywood Walk of FameOn March 20, 2009, in Motown Records’ 50th anniversary year, the Miracles received the latest of many career awards when they were honored with a star on the Hollywood Walk of Fame[10] [11][28][29] more than fifty years after the group’s founding in 1957.[12] That effort was led by public relations veteran Ron Brewington. The Star is located on the southwest corner of Hollywood Boulevard and Sycamore Street, one block east of La Brea Boulevard. The ceremony was attended by original Miracles Smokey Robinson, Claudette Rogers, Pete Moore, Bobby Rogers, Billy Griffin, and the late Ronnie White’s widow Gloria, his daughter Pamela and granddaughter Mya; along with Berry Gordy and Stevie Wonder, and other celebrities including, Brian and Eddie Holland (of Holland-Dozier-Holland), Mary Wilson of The Supremes, Al B Sure!, Freda Payne, and her sister, former Supreme Scherrie Payne, Motown songwriter Janie Bradford, Kevin Frazier of Entertainment Tonight, and a host of family, friends and fans. Speaking in tribute to the group,a tearful Stevie Wonder said,”Were it not for The Miracles, there would be no Stevie Wonder.I was discovered by the late Ronnie White of The Miracles. I owe everything that I have to The Miracles”. Motown founder and First President Berry Gordy Jr. said:”Without The Miracles, Motown would not be the Motown it is today”.[30][31]

Rock and Roll Hall of Fame Induction in 2012In early 2012, The Miracles, Motown’s first group, the artists most responsible for establishing the label’s early success,[13] were finally inducted into the Rock and Roll Hall Of Fame.[32] A special sub-committee, appointed by the Rock Hall, finally decided to address the issue of deserving pioneering groups that were not inducted in the Hall of Fame’s early years , when their front men were inducted. As a result of this committee’s decision, The Miracles were finally inducted into the Rock and Roll of Fame per an announcement by Rolling Stone Magazine on February 9th, 2012.[14] The Miracles’ original members, Claudette Rogers Robinson, Bobby Rogers, Ronnie White, Marv Tarplin, and Pete Moore were retroactively and automatically inducted into the Rock Hall of Fame without the need for nomination and voting, under the premise that the entire group should have been inducted with Smokey Robinson back in 1987. According to Rock Hall Induction rules, The Miracles as a group qualified for induction in 1987 , as they had well passed the 25-year-qualifications rule, but Robinson as a solo artist had not, since only 14 years had elapsed since his first solo recording at the time that he was inducted. [15] Billy Griffin, Smokey’s 1972 replacement as lead singer in the Miracles, was not included in the induction. The group’s induction was added alongside that of Smokey Robinson, so that, finally, as of 2012, all of the original Miracles are inductees into the Rock and Roll Hall of Fame.[16]


Posted February 22, 2012 by pennylibertygbow in Uncategorized

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